The most common surgery for the treatment of hydrocephalus is the insertion of a shunt - a device that diverts fluid from the brain into the abdominal cavity where it is safely absorbed into the blood stream. Though a shunt may be inserted in infants, children and adults, the procedure is essentially the same regardless of the size of the patient.
Anatomy and Physiology
History and Examination
The treatment of hydrocephalus consists of creating a connection between the enlarged ventricles or the spinal subarachnoid space and a place where cerebrospinal fluid can be returned to the bloodstream.
No surgery is absolutely safe and free of complications. Some of the possible complications of shunt placement are:
Care After Surgery
After discharge, instructions are given for home care
Note: You must remember that hydrocephalus is a life-long disease and a shunt is a mechanical device that is subject to failure at any time. It is therefore, imperative to maintain continued follow-ups with your doctor.